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ADXL213EB Datasheet(Arkusz danych) 9 Page - Analog Devices

Numer części ADXL213EB
Szczegółowy opis  Low Cost 1.2 g Dual Axis Accelerometer
Pobierz  12 Pages
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Producent  AD [Analog Devices]
Strona internetowa  http://www.analog.com
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ADXL213
Rev. 0 | Page 9 of 12
APPLICATIONS
POWER SUPPLY DECOUPLING
For most applications, a single 0.1 µF capacitor, CDC, adequately
decouples the accelerometer from noise on the power supply.
However, in some cases, particularly where noise is present at
the 140 kHz internal clock frequency (or any harmonic
thereof), noise on the supply may cause interference on the
ADXL213’s output. If additional decoupling is needed, a 100 Ω
(or smaller) resistor or ferrite beads may be inserted in the
supply line of the ADXL213. Additionally, a larger bulk bypass
capacitor (in the range of 1 µF to 22 µF) may be added in
parallel to CDC.
SETTING THE BANDWIDTH USING CX AND CY
The ADXL213 has provisions for bandlimiting the XOUT and
YOUT pins. Capacitors must be added at these pins to implement
low-pass filtering for antialiasing and noise reduction. The
equation for the –3 dB bandwidth is
F–3 dB = 1/(2π(32 kΩ) × C(X, Y))
or more simply,
F–3 dB = 5 µF/C(X, Y)
The tolerance of the internal resistor (RFILT) can vary typically as
much as ±25% of its nominal value (32 kΩ); thus, the band-
width varies accordingly. A minimum capacitance of 2000 pF
for CX and CY is required in all cases.
Table 4. Filter Capacitor Selection, CX and CY
Bandwidth (Hz)
Capacitor (µF)
1
4.7
10
0.47
50
0.10
100
0.05
200
0.027
500
0.01
SELF TEST
The ST pin controls the self-test feature. When this pin is set to
VS, an electrostatic force is exerted on the beam of the accelero-
meter. The resulting movement of the beam allows the user to
test if the accelerometer is functional. The typical change in
output is 750 mg (corresponding to 23%). This pin may be left
open circuit, or may be connected to common in normal use.
The ST pin should never be exposed to voltages greater than
VS + 0.3 V. If the system design is such that this condition
cannot be guaranteed (i.e., multiple supply voltages present), a
low VF clamping diode between ST and VS is recommended.
DESIGN TRADE-OFFS FOR SELECTING FILTER
CHARACTERISTICS: THE NOISE/BW TRADE-OFF
The accelerometer bandwidth selected ultimately determines
the measurement resolution (smallest detectable acceleration).
Filtering can be used to lower the noise floor, which improves
the resolution of the accelerometer. Resolution is dependent on
the analog filter bandwidth at XFILT and YFILT.
The output of the ADXL213 has a typical bandwidth of 2.5 kHz.
The user must filter the signal at this point to limit aliasing
errors. The analog bandwidth must be no more than one-fifth
the PWM frequency to minimize aliasing. The analog
bandwidth may be further decreased to reduce noise and
improve resolution.
The ADXL213 noise has the characteristics of white Gaussian
noise, which contributes equally at all frequencies and is
described in terms of µg/√Hz (i.e., the noise is proportional to
the square root of the accelerometer’s bandwidth). The user
should limit bandwidth to the lowest frequency needed by the
application in order to maximize the resolution and dynamic
range of the accelerometer.
With the single pole roll-off characteristic, the typical noise of
the ADXL213 is determined by
)
6
.
1
(
)
Hz
/
µ
160
(
×
×
=
BW
g
rmsNoise
At 100 Hz the noise is
g
g
rmsNoise
m
2
)
6
.
1
100
(
)
Hz
/
µ
160
(
=
×
×
=
Often, the peak value of the noise is desired. Peak-to-peak noise
can only be estimated by statistical methods. Table 5 is useful
for estimating the probabilities of exceeding various peak
values, given the rms value.
Table 5. Estimation of Peak-to-Peak Noise
Peak-to-Peak Value
% of Time that Noise Will Exceed
Nominal Peak-to-Peak Value
2 × RMS
32
4 × RMS
4.6
6 × RMS
0.27
8 × RMS
0.006




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