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MXA2500G Datasheet(Arkusz danych) 6 Page - List of Unclassifed Manufacturers

Numer części MXA2500G
Szczegółowy opis  Improved, Ultra Low Noise ±1.7 g Dual Axis Accelerometer with Absolute Outputs
Pobierz  8 Pages
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Producent  ETC1 [List of Unclassifed Manufacturers]
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MEMSIC MXA2500G/M Rev. E
Page 6 of 8
1/19/2005
MXA2500G/M PIN DESCRIPTIONS
VDD – This is the supply input for the digital circuits and the
sensor heater in the accelerometer. The DC voltage should be
between 3.0 and 5.25 volts. Refer to the section on PCB layout
and fabrication suggestions for guidance on external parts and
connections recommended.
VDA – This is the power supply input for the analog amplifiers
in the accelerometer. Refer to the section on PCB layout and
fabrication suggestions for guidance on external parts and
connections recommended.
Gnd – This is the ground pin for the accelerometer.
AOUTX – This pin is the output of the x-axis acceleration sensor.
The user should ensure the load impedance is sufficiently high
as to not source/sink >100
µA. While the sensitivity of this axis
has been programmed at the factory to be the same as the
sensitivity for the y-axis, the accelerometer can be programmed
for non-equal sensitivities on the x- and y-axes. Contact the
factory for additional information on this feature.
AOUTY This pin is the output of the y-axis acceleration sensor.
The user should ensure the load impedance is sufficiently high
as to not source/sink >100
µA. While the sensitivity of this axis
has been programmed at the factory to be the same as the
sensitivity for the x-axis, the accelerometer can be programmed
for non-equal sensitivities on the x- and y-axes. Contact the
factory for additional information on this feature.
TOUT – This pin is the buffered output of the temperature
sensor. The analog voltage at TOUT is an indication of the die
temperature. This voltage is useful as a differential
measurement of temperature from ambient and not as an
absolute measurement of temperature
Sck – The standard product is delivered with an internal clock
option (800kHz). This pin should be grounded when
operating with the internal clock. An external clock option
can be special ordered from the factory allowing the user to
input a clock signal between 400kHz and 1.6MHz.
Vref – A reference voltage is available from this pin. It is set at
2.50V typical and has 100
µA of drive capability.
DISCUSSION OF TILT APPLICATIONS AND
RESOLUTION
Tilt Applications: One of the most popular applications of the
MEMSIC accelerometer product line is in tilt/inclination
measurement. An accelerometer uses the force of gravity as an
input to determine the inclination angle of an object.
A MEMSIC accelerometer is most sensitive to changes in
position, or tilt, when the accelerometer’s sensitive axis is
perpendicular to the force of gravity, or parallel to the Earth’s
surface. Similarly, when the accelerometer’s axis is parallel to
the force of gravity (perpendicular to the Earth’s surface), it is
least sensitive to changes in tilt.
Table 1 and Figure 2 help illustrate the output changes in the
X- and Y-axes as the unit is tilted from +90
° to 0°. Notice that
when one axis has a small change in output per degree of tilt
(in mg), the second axis has a large change in output per
degree of tilt. The complementary nature of these two signals
permits low cost accurate tilt sensing to be achieved with the
MEMSIC device (reference application note AN-00MX-007).
Top View
X
Y
+900
00
gravity
Figure 2: Accelerometer Position Relative to Gravity
X-Axis
Y-Axis
X-Axis
Orientation
To Earth’s
Surface
(deg.)
X Output
(g)
Change
per deg.
of tilt
(mg)
Y Output
(g)
Change
per deg.
of tilt
(mg)
90
1.000
0.15
0.000
17.45
85
0.996
1.37
0.087
17.37
80
0.985
2.88
0.174
17.16
70
0.940
5.86
0.342
16.35
60
0.866
8.59
0.500
15.04
45
0.707
12.23
0.707
12.23
30
0.500
15.04
0.866
8.59
20
0.342
16.35
0.940
5.86
10
0.174
17.16
0.985
2.88
5
0.087
17.37
0.996
1.37
0
0.000
17.45
1.000
0.15
Table 1: Changes in Tilt for X- and Y-Axes
Resolution: The accelerometer resolution is limited by noise.
The output noise will vary with the measurement bandwidth.
With the reduction of the bandwidth, by applying an external
low pass filter, the output noise drops. Reduction of bandwidth
will improve the signal to noise ratio and the resolution. The
output noise scales directly with the square root of the
measurement bandwidth. The maximum amplitude of the noise,
its peak- to- peak value, approximately defines the worst case
resolution of the measurement. With a simple RC low pass
filter, the rms noise is calculated as follows:
Noise (mg rms) = Noise(mg/ Hz ) *
)
6
.
1
*
)
(
(
Hz
Bandwidth
The peak-to-peak noise is approximately equal to 6.6 times the
rms value (for an average uncertainty of 0.1%).




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