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ATmega16-16PU Arkusz danych(PDF) 42 Page - ATMEL Corporation

Numer części ATmega16-16PU
Szczegółowy opis  8-bit Microcontroller with 16K Bytes In-Syustem Programmable Flash
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Producent  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
Strona internetowa  http://www.atmel.com
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ATmega16-16PU Arkusz danych(HTML) 42 Page - ATMEL Corporation

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42
2466S–AVR–05/09
ATmega16(L)
Internal Voltage
Reference
ATmega16 features an internal bandgap reference. This reference is used for Brown-out Detec-
tion, and it can be used as an input to the Analog Comparator or the ADC. The 2.56V reference
to the ADC is generated from the internal bandgap reference.
Voltage Reference
Enable Signals and
Start-up Time
The voltage reference has a start-up time that may influence the way it should be used. The
start-up time is given in Table 16. To save power, the reference is not always turned on. The ref-
erence is on during the following situations:
1.
When the BOD is enabled (by programming the BODEN Fuse).
2.
When the bandgap reference is connected to the Analog Comparator (by setting the
ACBG bit in ACSR).
3.
When the ADC is enabled.
Thus, when the BOD is not enabled, after setting the ACBG bit or enabling the ADC, the user
must always allow the reference to start up before the output from the Analog Comparator or
ADC is used. To reduce power consumption in Power-down mode, the user can avoid the three
conditions above to ensure that the reference is turned off before entering Power-down mode.
Watchdog Timer
The Watchdog Timer is clocked from a separate On-chip Oscillator which runs at 1 MHz. This is
the typical value at V
CC = 5V. See characterization data for typical values at other VCC levels. By
controlling the Watchdog Timer prescaler, the Watchdog Reset interval can be adjusted as
shown in Table 17 on page 43. The WDR – Watchdog Reset – instruction resets the Watchdog
Timer. The Watchdog Timer is also reset when it is disabled and when a Chip Reset occurs.
Eight different clock cycle periods can be selected to determine the reset period. If the reset
period expires without another Watchdog Reset, the ATmega16 resets and executes from the
Reset Vector. For timing details on the Watchdog Reset, refer to page 41.
To prevent unintentional disabling of the Watchdog, a special turn-off sequence must be fol-
lowed when the Watchdog is disabled. Refer to the description of the Watchdog Timer Control
Register for details.
Figure 21. Watchdog Timer
Table 16. Internal Voltage Reference Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Units
VBG
Bandgap reference voltage
1.15
1.23
1.4
V
tBG
Bandgap reference start-up time
40
70
µs
IBG
Bandgap reference current consumption
10
µA
WATCHDOG
OSCILLATOR


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