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LM3445MX Datasheet(Arkusz danych) 8 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

[Old version datasheet] Texas Instruments acquired National semiconductor.
Numer części LM3445MX
Szczegółowy opis  Triac Dimmable Offline LED Driver
Pobierz  26 Pages
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Producent  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]
Strona internetowa  http://www.national.com
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 8 page
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Application Information
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
The LM3445 contains all the necessary circuitry to build a line-
powered (mains powered) constant current LED driver whose
output current can be controlled with a conventional triac dim-
mer.
OVERVIEW OF PHASE CONTROL DIMMING
A basic "phase controlled" triac dimmer circuit is shown in
Figure 2.
30060312
FIGURE 2. Basic Triac Dimmer
An RC network consisting of R1, R2, and C1 delay the turn
on of the triac until the voltage on C1 reaches the trigger volt-
age of the diac. Increasing the resistance of the potentiometer
(wiper moving downward) increases the turn-on delay which
decreases the on-time or "conduction angle" of the triac (
θ).
This reduces the average power delivered to the load. Voltage
waveforms for a simple triac dimmer are shown in Figure 3.
Figure 3a shows the full sinusoid of the input voltage. Even
when set to full brightness, few dimmers will provide 100%
on-time, i.e., the full sinusoid.
30060313
FIGURE 3. Line Voltage and Dimming Waveforms
Figure 3b shows a theoretical waveform from a dimmer. The
on-time is often referred to as the "conduction angle" and may
be stated in degrees or radians. The off-time represents the
delay caused by the RC circuit feeding the triac. The off-time
be referred to as the "firing angle" and is simply 180° -
θ.
Figure 3c shows a waveform from a so-called reverse phase
dimmer, sometimes referred to as an electronic dimmer.
These typically are more expensive, microcontroller based
dimmers that use switching elements other than triacs. Note
that the conduction starts from the zero-crossing, and termi-
nates some time later. This method of control reduces the
noise spike at the transition.
Since the LM3445 has been designed to assess the relative
on-time and control the LED current accordingly, most phase-
control dimmers, both forward and reverse phase, may be
used with success.
www.national.com
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