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ADW71205WSTZ-RL Datasheet(Arkusz danych) 10 Page - Analog Devices
AD [Analog Devices]
Rev. A | Page 9 of 20
THEORY OF OPERATION
The AD2S1205’s operation is based on a Type II tracking closed-
loop principle. The digitally implemented tracking loop continually
tracks the position and velocity of the resolver without the need
for external convert and wait states. As the resolver moves through
a position equivalent to the least significant bit weighting, the
tracking loop output is updated by 1 LSB.
The converter tracks the shaft angle (θ) by producing an output
angle (ϕ) that is fed back and compared with the input angle
(θ); the difference between the two angles is the error, which is
driven towards 0 when the converter is correctly tracking the
input angle. To measure the error, S3 − S1 is multiplied by Cosϕ
and S2 − S4 is multiplied by Sinϕ to give
The difference is taken, giving
This signal is demodulated using the internally generated
synthetic reference, yielding
Equation 4 is equivalent to E
Sin(θ − ϕ), which is approximately
equal to E
(θ − ϕ) for small values of θ − ϕ, where θ − ϕ is the
The value E
(θ − ϕ) is the difference between the angular error
of the rotor and the digital angle output of the converter.
A phase-sensitive demodulator, some integrators, and a compen-
sation filter form a closed-loop system that seeks to null the
error signal. If this is accomplished, ϕ equals the resolver angle,
θ, within the rated accuracy of the converter. A Type II tracking
loop is used so that constant velocity inputs can be tracked
without inherent error.
For more information about the operation of the converter, see
the Circuit Dynamics section.
FAULT DETECTION CIRCUIT
The AD2S1205 fault detection circuit can sense loss of resolver
signals, out-of-range input signals, input signal mismatch, or
loss of position tracking; however, the position indicated by
the AD2S1205 may differ significantly from the actual shaft
position of the resolver.
The AD2S1205 generates a monitor signal by comparing the
angle in the position register to the incoming Sin and Cos signals
from the resolver. The monitor signal is created in a similar fashion
to the error signal (described in the Theory of Operation section).
The incoming Sinθ and Cosθ signals are multiplied by the Sin
and Cos of the output angle, respectively, and then these values
are added together:
A1 is the amplitude of the incoming Sin signal (A1 × Sinθ).
A2 is the amplitude of the incoming Cos signal (A2 × Cosθ).
θ is the resolver angle.
ϕ is the angle stored in the position register.
Note that Equation 5 is shown after demodulation with the
carrier signal Sin(ωt) removed. Also note that for a matched
input signal (that is, a no fault condition), A1 is equal to A2.
When A1 is equal to A2 and the converter is tracking
(therefore, θ is equal to ϕ), the monitor signal output has a
constant magnitude of A1 (Monitor = A1 × (Sin
θ + Cos
θ) = A1),
which is independent of the shaft angle. When A1 does not
equal A2, the monitor signal magnitude alternates between A1
and A2 at twice the rate of the shaft rotation. The monitor
signal is used to detect degradation or loss of input signals.
LOSS OF SIGNAL DETECTION
Loss of signal (LOS) is detected when either resolver input (Sin
or Cos) falls below the specified LOS Sin/Cos threshold. The
AD2S1205 detects this by comparing the monitor signal to a
fixed minimum value. Without the use of external circuitry,
the AD2S1205 can detect the loss of up to three of the four
connections from the resolver. The addition of two external
68 kΩ resistors, as outlined in Figure 5, ensures that the loss of
all 4 connections, that is, complete removal of the resolver, may
also be detected. LOS is indicated by both DOS and LOT
latching as logic low outputs. The DOS and LOT pins are
reset to the no fault state by a rising edge of SAMPLE. The
LOS condition has priority over both the DOS and LOT
conditions, as shown in
. LOS is indicated within 57°
of the angular output error (worst case).
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